Early and unwanted pregnancy in teenage girls has been a serious problem to the educational growth of most African countries. Due to the increasing rate of poverty in most countries the girl child education is eroding.

Girl child Education in Western Africa is mostly considered unnecessary in the society due to the strong belief that females are only a source of wealth to their parents by givin them away for marriage as soon as they reach puberty. This therefore poses a great deal of problem for girls who actually wants education.

Moreove, due to poverty and arrogance behaviour of the society towards the girl child education, these girls are left to fend for their education which makes then turn to the only possible solution which may require them to become street hawkers, peddlers and hucksters, while some depend on men who are able to meet their needs and demands in exchange for their body, which either way often leads to an early and unwanted pregnancy or deadly disease such as HIV/AIDS, whereby the street hawker and peddlers are exposed to rape, And the men who claim to care will flee.

This however takes a toll on their education because then they either drop out of school and have the baby or in most cases seek abortion which may lead to future health problems or even death.

Lots of actions has been enforced to this effect by “UNICEF” through media advertising and introducing social awareness clubs which visits schools to educate the females on the matter. And this has also lead to the free educational right passed on by the new Government, which sadly isn’t enough.

Most of these teenage girls who have gone through these ordeals find it very difficult to get back to their normal lives, with the presence of a new baby comes with new responsibilities that might be too much of a task for a teenager to handle, which in most cases results to the baby been mistreated and blamed for ruining their hopes and dreams.



The development of a country is mostly determined by how much of it’s citizens are educated and employed, in cases where this key factor is lacking it poses a huge set back to the growth of the country.

In Western Africa there is an ever-increasing rate of unemployment, which has lead to insecurities, arms robberies and terrorism. These done by the involvement of energetic youths, who should be productively engaged in employments or educational trainings that ought to advance the country.

In Nigeria Thousands of qualified young youths are unable to get admissions into universities due to failure of the ‘JOINT ADMISSION AND MATRICULATION BOARD EXAMINATION’ (JAMB) and lack of adequate educational institutions. Most of these youths are university graduates who are unable to find jobs and some were not priviledge enough to be educated therefore unable to get a legitimate and steady source of income which has resulted into them turning to vandalism and terrorism as a way to make a living.

Moreover research has shown that the rate of unemployment in Nigeria is at a rapid increase with over 39.7 percent of Nigerias population in both urban and rural areas jobless, this has resulted into the increase in the rate of terrorism thus having a huge adverse effect on various sectors of development.

These terroristic acts which has gone to the extreme involving building and organizational establishments been bombed down, has posed an unresolvable matter and has thus left the country in dearth and chaos with it’s citizens still unemployed and poverty stricken. The Government whom due to the rate of terrorism has been forced focus on the security of the nation and rebuilding of the damaged sectors, thereby neglecting education and employment.


Power supply is one of the factors that aids the improvement of the educational system of any nation, but what happens when this factor is inadequate.

Nigerias power supply company was recently privatized with over $100 billion poured in by investors in the hopes of improvements and actuallisation of the VISION 2020 project, which due to the oil-rich situation of Nigeria should have the capacity to provide electricity to all its 150 million citizens, the privatization which also lead to the change of the name Nigeria Electric Power Authority ‘NEPA’ to Power Holding Company Of Nigeria ‘PHCN’.

But even with these changes there has been so little improvement in power supply, with many parts of the country still without electricity. This situation has affected the country’s education and learning standards in many Universities and Colleges, due to little or no electricity supply on hostels and campuses it makes it difficult to study during night hours without developing health problems such as eye problems resulting from the use of lantern and in most cases death due to too much inhalation of toxic fumes from generators.

This problem of epileptic power supply from ‘PHCN’ has posed a conundrum that has resulted into series of riots and protests from students in different states and universities. The most recent which involved students from University of Ibadan (UI) who grounded all academic, commercial and administrative activities on the campus and took to the streets bearing placards and banners with various inscriptions, chanting war songs and condemning ‘PHCN’ for making learning harrowing for them, crying out to the public most of the students made note that they have spent too much on diesel for private generators and Electric bills which are not given to them. Hopefully this problem will be addressed quickly so as to improve the education as well as living conditions of the citizens.


Vision year 2020 is a dream set out by the federal government of Nigeria, initially by the former president Gen. O. Obasanjo and carried on by the current president Dr. Goodluck Jonathan. It’s a strategic goal and Vision which aims to launch Nigeria into the league of the top 20 economies by the year 2020, it further entails that by the year 2020 Nigeria would have had a tremendous improvement, to become a country which can be compared to the economic standards of USA. Over the past 5 years lots of developments and projects has being set in motion to help see this dream manifest in the country.

In the Educational sector, it is believed that Nigeria will attain vision 2020 through science and technology. The Executive Secretary of the Nigeria Content Development and Monitoring Board, Engr. Ernest C. Nwapa has affirmed science and technology as the bedrock of development and a means to achieve a viable educational case for the actualization of this dream.

Engr. Nwapa made note on the importance of science and technology in a speech on the occasion of vision 2020 career counseling, industry awareness and youth empowerment, held in lagos a few months ago.

During this workshop a conclusion was revealed that a career in science, technology, oil and gas industry will be of great help to the Nigerian youths and the nations dream, and these career path requires science subjects such as physics, chemistry, mathematics.

Seeing the great opportunity that abound in oil and gas industries, the Federal Government under the leadership of Dr. Goodluck jonathan, signed in to law the Nigeria Oil and Gas Industry Content Development Act in April 2010 which was geared towards developing and improving Local indigenous capacity with the view of enabling Nigerians to participate in development of the country’s oil and gas industry that would generate an estimated 300,000 job opportunities for Nigerians the next five years.

A country’s development without the involvement of youths is an exercise in futility, Nigerian youths are very highly endowed and encouraging them to participate gives them the opportunity to accept new and greater responsibilities.


Nigerias educational systems which has shown rapid improvements over the years has now reached out to ex-convicts, with the help of benevolent organizations the opportunity of education is been made available for ex-convicts. The life recovering pre-release empowerment programme also known as project “ONESIMUS” took off in 2009, and has since then produced over 100 university graduates. This project which was set in motion by THE PRISON FOLLOWSHIP OF NIGERIA (PFN) in col-laboration with THE NIGERIA PRISON SERVICE (NPS) for the purpose of preparing beneficiaries for a productive life after serving their jail time, to give hope to the incarcerated and rejected inmates and ex-inmates not just for their sake but for the entire society as well.

The Executive Director Brr. Benson Ngozi Iwuogu who was present at the graduation ceremony of the former inmates made note that Nigeria’s prisons could not have been brimming with inmates if our leaders are doing the right things and Nigerians enjoying their socio-economic rights, stating that until the leaders finds a way to give every Nigerian a meaninful bite of the national cherry, the call for patriotism and assurance of safety and security would remain hollow and hypocritical.

This project has benefited a lot of people, because most of these inmates are able-bodied and young men and women who are just unlucky, most of them are charged with minor environmental or revenue offense and some are awaiting trial that will never come. The education which includes degrees, diplomas and many more has really changed the lives of many, the education which is based on different fields and aspects from Agriculture to Trading has provided them with a steady and legitimate source of income.

Why shouldn’t they get the opportunity to make a living, just because they were mistreated by the more priviledged and powerfull doesn’t mean they have to spend the rest of their lives being misreabble. This programme “ONESIMUS” is a blessing to the development of Nigeria’s Educational System and should be recommended for many African countries.


In Nigeria, men and women have their own role to play for the benefit of the society. Men are said to be the head of the family, while the women took care of the children and house. This practice has been on for generations, it thereby stands as a draw-back to girls in many fields especially education.

Education of boys is considered more important because they are made to look after their parents and family, while the girls would be married out. These attitudes of parents toward the girl-child’s education was very common in native parts of nigeria. Some parents still believed that secondary school education is the highest they can offer their female children because they see them not to be permanent members of the family. All efforts made by parents is to ensure their male children (boys) attend school to place them in better position than girls in the society.

Training of girls in the past was regarded as a waste to the family in the sense that the money spent on their education can never be regained, they are unlike the boys who will in return care for the family and also continue with the family name. Most African countries believed that women are in the home for domestic chooses, therefore the girls are seen to be future home carers. When they get married, they tend to forget their parents and focus on their new home.

In the year (1973-74) research showed that the number of male students compared to female is 5:3/5.

In communities, males are valued and respected by their family members. A home without a male child is considered as unfruitful and brings unhappiness. Females are not expected to be the breadwinner of the family but are only regarded as wives and others to be, some are given education but not as much as the males, they are also not expected to challenge the males or to be as independent as them. In most parts of nigeria, girls are forced into an arranged marriage at young age without their concent, whereby they are expected to please and satisfy their husbands by bearing many childrens especially males and will be dis-owned if she refuses or opposed the idea. But in some case whereby the woman is unable to bear a child, she will be cast aside and replaced with another who can, leaving the woman utterlly heartbroken and feeling worthless.

Parents, especially fathers are often concerned about the continuation of their name, because in cases where a wealthy man dies his properties and assets are only shared among his male offsprings. The females are not recognized even in cases where there are no male child, which in the event where the wives or the children are not educated can cause the female both children and wives to be homeless and the child forced into a lovelless marriage, where they will be treated as garbage and mal-treated.

Recent studies has showed that the backwardness of female education in nigeria are mostly caused by the inability of the parents to fund the education due to financial problems. But thanks to the new system of Government which has enforced free education on primary and secondary schools on some areas enabling both male and females to attend a formal education. Females should not be denied the opportunity of education but should be considered as a positive step in building Nigeria as a nation.